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Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Tags: Concurrency    
Latest version: v1.4.0

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README

[AsyncNinja Title](title_image.png)

A complete set of primitives for concurrency and reactive programming on Swift

Gitter CocoaPods Carthage compatible Build Status

  • 1.4.0 is the latest and greatest, but only for Swift 4.2 and 5.0
  • use 1.3.0 is for Swift 4.0+
  • use 1.2.4 for latest release for Swift 3
Features
πŸ¦„ powerful primitives Future, Promise, Channel, Producer, Sink, Cache, ...
🀘 versatile transformations map, filter, recover, debounce, distinct, ...
✌️ convenient combination flatMap, merge, zip, sample, scan, reduce, ...
πŸ™Œ improves existing things Key-Value Observing, target-action, notifications, bindings
🍳 less boilerplate code neat cancellation, threading, memory manament
πŸ•Ά extendable powerful extensions for URLSession, UI controls, CoreData, ...
🍱 all platforms πŸ–₯ macOS 10.10+ πŸ“± iOS 8.0+ πŸ“Ί tvOS 9.0+ ⌚️ watchOS 2.0+ 🐧 Linux
πŸ€“ documentation 100% + sample code, see full documentation
πŸ”© simple integration [SPM](Documentation/Integration.md#using-swift-package-manager), [CocoaPods](Documentation/Integration.md#cocoapods), [Carthage](Documentation/Integration.md#сarthage)
  • Related articles
  • [Known users](known_users.md)

Communication

Reactive Programming

reactive properties

let searchResults = searchBar.rp.text
  .debounce(interval: 0.3)
  .distinct()
  .flatMap(behavior: .keepLatestTransform) { (query) -> Future<[SearchResult]> in
    return query.isEmpty
      ? .just([])
      : searchGitHub(query: query).recover([])
  }

bindings

  • unbinds automatically
  • dispatches to a correct queue automatically
  • no .observeOn(MainScheduler.instance) and .disposed(by: disposeBag)
class MyViewController: UIViewController {
  /* ... */
  @IBOutlet weak var myLabel: UILabel!

  override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    UIDevice.current.rp.orientation
      .map { $0.description }
      .bind(myLabel.rp.text)
  }

  /* ... */
}

contexts usage

  • no [weak self]
  • no DispatchQueue.main.async { ... }
  • no .observeOn(MainScheduler.instance)
class MyViewController: NSViewController {
  let service: MyService

  /* ... */

  func fetchAndPresentItems(for request: Request) {
    service.perform(request: request)
      .map(context: self, executor: .primary) { (self, response) in
        return self.items(from: response)
      }
      .onSuccess(context: self) { (self, items) in
        self.present(items: items)
      }
      .onFailure(context: self) { (self, error) in
        self.present(error: error)
      }
  }

  func items(from response: Response) throws -> [Items] {
    /* ... extract items from response ... */
  }

  func present(items: [Items]) {
    /* ... update UI ... */
  }
}

class MyService {
  func perform(request: Request) -> Future<Response> {
    /* ... */
  }
}

In Depth

Let's assume that we have:

  • Person is an example of a struct that contains information about the person.
  • MyService is an example of a class that serves as an entry point to the model. Works in a background.
  • MyViewController is an example of a class that manages UI-related instances. Works on the main queue.

Code on callbacks

extension MyViewController {
  func present(personWithID identifier: String) {
    myService.fetch(personWithID: identifier) {
      (person, error) in

      /* do not forget to dispatch to the main queue */
      DispatchQueue.main.async {

        /* do not forget the [weak self] */
        [weak self] in
        guard let strongSelf = self
          else { return }

        if let person = person {
          strongSelf.present(person: person)
        } else if let error = error {
          strongSelf.present(error: error)
        } else {
          fatalError("There is neither person nor error. What has happened to this world?")
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

extension MyService {
  func fetch(personWithID: String, callback: @escaping (Person?, Error?) -> Void) {
    /* ... */
  }
}
  • "do not forget" comment x2
  • the block will be retained and called even if MyViewController was already deallocated

Code with other libraries that provide futures

extension MyViewController {
  func present(personWithID identifier: String) {
    myService.fetch(personWithID: identifier)

      /* do not forget to dispatch to the main queue */
      .onComplete(executor: .main) {

        /* do not forget the [weak self] */
        [weak self] (completion) in
        if let strongSelf = self {
          completion.onSuccess(strongSelf.present(person:))
          completion.onFailure(strongSelf.present(error:))
        }
      }
  }
}

extension MyService {
  func fetch(personWithID: String) -> Future<Person> {
    /* ... */
  }
}
  • "do not forget" comment x2
  • the block will be retained and called even if MyViewController was already deallocated

Code with AsyncNinja

extension MyViewController {
  func present(personWithID identifier: String) {
    myService.fetch(personWithID: identifier)
      .onSuccess(context: self) { (self, person) in
        self.present(person: person)
      }
      .onFailure(context: self) { (self, error) in
        self.present(error: error)
      }
  }
}

extension MyService {
  func fetch(personWithID: String) -> Future<Person> {
    /* ... */
  }
}

Using Futures

Let's assume that we have function that finds all prime numbers lesser than n

func primeNumbers(to n: Int) -> [Int] { /* ... */ }

Making future

let futurePrimeNumbers: Future<[Int]> = future { primeNumbers(to: 10_000_000) }

Applying transformation

let futureSquaredPrimeNumbers = futurePrimeNumbers
  .map { (primeNumbers) -> [Int] in
    return primeNumbers.map { (number) -> Int
      return number * number
    }
  }

Synchronously waiting for completion

if let fallibleNumbers = futurePrimeNumbers.wait(seconds: 1.0) {
  print("Number of prime numbers is \(fallibleNumbers.success?.count)")
} else {
  print("Did not calculate prime numbers yet")
}

Subscribing for completion

futurePrimeNumbers.onComplete { (falliblePrimeNumbers) in
  print("Number of prime numbers is \(falliblePrimeNumbers.success?.count)")
}

Combining futures

let futureA: Future<A> = /* ... */
let futureB: Future<B> = /* ... */
let futureC: Future<C> = /* ... */
let futureABC: Future<(A, B, C)> = zip(futureA, futureB, futureC)

Transition from callbacks-based flow to futures-based flow:

class MyService {
  /* implementation */

  func fetchPerson(withID personID: Person.Identifier) -> Future<Person> {
    let promise = Promise<Person>()
    self.fetchPerson(withID: personID, callback: promise.complete)
    return promise
  }
}

Transition from futures-based flow to callbacks-based flow

class MyService {
  /* implementation */

  func fetchPerson(withID personID: Person.Identifier,
                   callback: @escaping (Fallible<Person>) -> Void) {
    self.fetchPerson(withID: personID)
      .onComplete(callback)
  }
}

Using Channels

Let's assume we have function that returns channel of prime numbers: sends prime numbers as finds them and sends number of found numbers as completion

func makeChannelOfPrimeNumbers(to n: Int) -> Channel<Int, Int> { /* ... */ }

Applying transformation

let channelOfSquaredPrimeNumbers = channelOfPrimeNumbers
  .map { (number) -> Int in
      return number * number
    }

Synchronously iterating over update values.

for number in channelOfPrimeNumbers {
  print(number)
}

Synchronously waiting for completion

if let fallibleNumberOfPrimes = channelOfPrimeNumbers.wait(seconds: 1.0) {
  print("Number of prime numbers is \(fallibleNumberOfPrimes.success)")
} else {
  print("Did not calculate prime numbers yet")
}

Synchronously waiting for completion #2

let (primeNumbers, numberOfPrimeNumbers) = channelOfPrimeNumbers.waitForAll()

Subscribing for update

channelOfPrimeNumbers.onUpdate { print("Update: \($0)") }

Subscribing for completion

channelOfPrimeNumbers.onComplete { print("Completed: \($0)") }

Making Channel

func makeChannelOfPrimeNumbers(to n: Int) -> Channel<Int, Int> {
  return channel { (update) -> Int in
    var numberOfPrimeNumbers = 0
    var isPrime = Array(repeating: true, count: n)

    for number in 2..<n where isPrime[number] {
      numberOfPrimeNumbers += 1
      update(number)

      // updating seive
      var seiveNumber = number + number
      while seiveNumber < n {
        isPrime[seiveNumber] = false
        seiveNumber += number
      }
    }

    return numberOfPrimeNumbers
  }
}