Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Tags: App Routing    
Latest version: v3.2.0

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Build Status Language SwiftPM compatible Carthage compatible CocoaPods Compatible Platform License

Route URL schemes easily.

Crossroad is an URL router focused on handling Custom URL Schemes or Universal Links. Of cource, you can also use for Firebase Dynamic Link or other similar services.

Using this, you can route multiple URL schemes and fetch arguments and parameters easily.

This library is developed in working time for Cookpad.

Basic Usage

You can use DefaultRouter to define route definitions.

Imagine to implement Pokédex on iOS. You can access somewhere via URL scheme.

import Crossroad

let customURLScheme: LinkSource = .customURLScheme("pokedex")
let universalLink: LinkSource = .universalLink(URL(string: "https://my-awesome-pokedex.com")!)

do {
    let router = try DefaultRouter(accepting: [customURLScheme, universalLink]) { registry in
        registry.route("/pokemons/:pokedexID") { context in 
            let pokedexID: Int = try context.argument(named: "pokedexID") // Parse 'pokedexID' from URL
            if !Pokedex.isExist(pokedexID) { // Find the Pokémon by ID
                throw PokedexError.pokemonIsNotExist(pokedexID) // If Pokémon is not found. Try next route definition.
            presentPokedexDetailViewController(of: pokedexID)
        registry.route("/pokemons") { context in 
            let type: Type? = context.queryParameters.type // If URL contains &type=fire, you can get Fire type.
            presentPokedexListViewController(for: type)

        // ...
} catch {
    // If route definitions have some problems, routers fail initialization and raise reasons.

// Pikachu(No. 25) is exist! so you can open Pikachu's page.
let canRespond25 = router.responds(to: URL(string: "pokedex://pokemons/25")!) // true
// No. 9999 is missing. so you can't open this page.
let canRespond9999 = router.responds(to: URL(string: "pokedex://pokemons/9999")!) // false
// You can also open the pages via universal links.
let canRespondUniversalLink = router.responds(to: URL(string: "https://my-awesome-pokedex.com/pokemons/25")!) // true

// Open Pikachu page
router.openIfPossible(URL(string: "pokedex://pokemons/25")!)
// Open list of fire Pokémons page
router.openIfPossible(URL(string: "pokedex://pokemons?type=fire")!)

Using AppDelegate

In common use case, you should call router.openIfPossible on UIApplicationDelegate method.

func application(_ app: UIApplication, open url: URL, options: [UIApplication.OpenURLOptionsKey: Any]) -> Bool {
    if router.responds(to: url, options: options) {
        return router.openIfPossible(url, options: options)
    return false

Using SceneDelegate

Or, if you are using SceneDelegate with a modern app:

func scene(_ scene: UIScene, openURLContexts URLContexts: Set<UIOpenURLContext>) {
    guard let context = URLContexts.first else {
    router.openIfPossible(context.url, options: context.options)

Argument and Parameter


: prefixed components on passed URL pattern mean argument.

For example, if passed URL matches pokedex://search/:keyword, you can get keyword from Context.

// actual URL: pokedex://search/Pikachu
let keyword: String = try context.arguments(named: "keyword") // Pikachu


And more, you can get query parameters if exist.

// actual URL: pokedex://search/Pikachu?generation=1
let generation: Int? = context.queryParameters["generation"] // 1
// or you can also get value using DynamicMemberLookup
let generation: Int? = context.queryParameters.generation // 1

You can cast arguments/query parameters as any type. Crossroad attempt to cast each String values to the type.

// expected pattern: pokedex://search/:pokedexID
// actual URL: pokedex://search/25
let pokedexID: Int = try context.arguments(named: "keyword") // 25

Currently supported types are Int, Int64, Float, Double, Bool, String and URL.

Enum arguments

You can use enums as arguments by conforming to Parsable.

enum Type: String, Parsable {
    case normal
    case fire
    case water
    case grass
    // ....

// matches: pokedex://pokemons?type=fire
let type: Type? = context.queryParameters.type // .fire

Comma-separated list

You can treat comma-separated query strings as Array or Set.

// matches: pokedex://pokemons?types=water,grass
let types: [Type]? = context.queryParameters.types // [.water, .grass]

Custom argument

You can also define own arguments by implementing Parsable. This is an example to parse custom struct.

struct User {
    let name: String
extension User: Parsable {
    init?(from string: String) {
        self.name = string

Multiple link sources support

You can define complex routing definitions like following:

let customURLScheme: LinkSource = .customURLScheme("pokedex")
let pokedexWeb: LinkSource = .universalLink(URL(string: "https://my-awesome-pokedex.com")!)
let anotherWeb: LinkSource = .universalLink(URL(string: "https://kanto.my-awesome-pokedex.com")!)

let router = try DefaultRouter(accepting: [customURLScheme, pokedexWeb, anotherWeb]) { registry in
    // Pokémon detail pages can be opened from all sources.
    registry.route("/pokemons/:pokedexID") { context in 
        let pokedexID: Int = try context.argument(named: "pokedexID") // Parse 'pokedexID' from URL
        if !Pokedex.isExist(pokedexID) { // Find the Pokémon by ID
            throw PokedexError.pokemonIsNotExist(pokedexID)
        presentPokedexDetailViewController(of: pokedexID)

    // Move related pages can be opened only from Custom URL Schemes
    registry.group(accepting: [customURLScheme]) { group in
        group.route("/moves/:move_name") { context in 
            let moveName: String = try context.argument(named: "move_name")
            presentMoveViewController(for: moveName)
        group.route("/pokemons/:pokedexID/move") { context in 
            let pokedexID: Int = try context.argument(named: "pokedexID")
            presentPokemonMoveViewController(for: pokedexID)

    // You can pass acceptPolicy for a specific page.
    registry.route("/regions", accepting: .only(for: pokedexWeb)) { context in 

This router can treat three link sources.

Custom Router

You can add any payload to Router.

struct UserInfo {
    let userID: Int64
let router = try Router<UserInfo>(accepting: customURLScheme) { registry in
    registry.route("pokedex://pokemons") { context in 
        let userInfo: UserInfo = context.userInfo
        let userID = userInfo.userID
    // ...
let userInfo = UserInfo(userID: User.current.id)
router.openIfPossible(url, userInfo: userInfo)

Parse URL patterns

If you maintain a complex application and you want to use independent URL pattern parsers without Router. You can use ContextParser.

let parser = ContextParser()
let context = parser.parse(URL(string: "pokedex:/pokemons/25")!, 
                           with: "pokedex://pokemons/:id")


Swift Package Manager



pod 'Crossroad'


github "giginet/Crossroad"


  1. Open Demo/Demo.xcodeproj on Xcode.
  2. Build Demo schema.

Supported version

Latest version of Crossroad requires Swift 5.2 or above.

Use 1.x instead on Swift 4.1 or lower.

Crossroad Version Swift Version Xcode Version
4.x 5.4 Xcode 13.0
3.x 5.0 Xcode 10.3
2.x 5.0 Xcode 10.2
1.x 4.0 ~ 4.2 ~ Xcode 10.1


Crossroad is released under the MIT License.

Header logo is released under the CC BY 4.0 license. Original design by @Arslanshn.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Crossroad README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.