Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Tags: UI     Collection View    
Latest version: v0.3.0

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Carthage compatible Cocoapods Platform License


As mobile developers we all have to handle displaying collections of data. But is it always as simple as it sounds?

Looks like spaghetti? It is a common situation that application displays data / placeholders (which may be different depending for example on loading state) and some of us end up with defining states and tangling everything together.

Stefan is a framework that helps you to manage states in your collection views. Basically it is a middleman between data source and the view itself. Of course it supports UITableView and UICollectionView out of box, but it is up to you to decide what is your ReloadableView and what is PlaceholderView. It contains most commonly used states that might occur when loading data collection.

Basic setup

  • Define Stefan object, the best solution is to define one Stefan per one ReloadableView.
  • Connect Stefan's reloadableView and placeholderPresenter (which both might be nil). > Remember: class that implements LoadableStatePlaceholderPresentable must have a weak reference to a placeholderView.
  • Call stefan.load(newState: ...)

Example of setup:

private func setupStefan() {
    viewModel.stefan.reloadableView = self.tableView
    viewModel.stefan.placeholderPresenter = self
    viewModel.stefan.load(newState: .noContent) // initial state

For reading current items just call

try stefan.state.items()

Few words about placeholder

  • We have tried to make it as flexible as possible so you can provide a custom placeholder view which should conform to LoadableStatePlaceholderView and also implement ItemsLoadableStateBindable protocol. To display custom placeholder view just implement your own version of function customPlaceholderView that is handled by Stefan's placeholderPresenter.

Example for customization:

public func customPlaceholderView() -> LoadableStatePlaceholderView {
    let view = LoadingPlaceholderView.instanceFromNib()
    view.dataSource = self.viewModel
    return view
  • There is also a default placeholder view built from title, subtitle and activity indicator which might also be useful for you. Feel free to see how it works in the example project.


To make Stefan fully generic we provided delegate by common closures pattern. Following delegate closures are available:

public var shouldReload: ((ReloadableView!) -> Bool)

public var didChangeState: ((ItemsLoadableState<ItemType>) -> Void)

public var shouldDisplayPlaceholder: ((ItemsLoadableState<ItemType>) -> Bool)


Stefan provides default implementation of differring function which result should be ItemReloadingResult. This result tells Stefan what should be reloaded (or maybe there is nothing to do for him). You can provide your own implementation by defining

stefan.statesDiffer = ...

Please remember that this is a weak object so you have to handle retaining it.

Stefan has a Differ dependency which is needed for performing fast operations on collections while comparing. When initializing Stefan you are able to provide reloading type which might be animated or basic. By default animations are disabled, but when you'll enable it Stefan will handle collection animation automatically by himself.


We've added some RxSwift extensions for Stefan please follow this repo.


Add the following entry in your Cartfile:

github "appunite/Stefan"

Then run carthage update.


Add the following entry in your Podfile

pod 'Stefan'

Then run pod install.

Known issues

• Nothing yet


Project is created and maintened by Piotr Bernad and Szymon Mrozek.

We could use your help with reporting or fixing bugs. We would also like to hear from you about feature suggestions. If you have an idea how to make Stefan better you are welcome to send us a Pull Request.


Stefan is released under an MIT license. See [License.md](LICENSE.md) for more information.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Stefan README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.