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Code Quality Rank: L5
Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Tags: JSON     Parsing    
Latest version: v0.7.1

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README

Build Status

GuardedSwiftyJSON

Why should I use this?

This library makes initializing models with JSON data with SwiftyJSON a lot easier.

Often with SwiftyJSON I end up doing something like this:

import SwiftyJSON

struct Model {
  let name : String
  let height : Double

  init?(json: JSON) {
    guard let name = json["name"].string, let height = json["height"].double else {
      return nil
    }

    self.name = name
    self.height = height
  }
}

which gets annoying when you have more than two or three properties you want to guard your model on.

Example

GuardedSwiftyJSON solves this by providing an initializer which will fail the initialization if properties that you request are not present.

import GuardedSwiftyJSON

struct Model : JsonInitializable {
  let name : String
  let height : Double

  init(json: GuardedJSON) {
    name = json["name"].string
    height = json["height"].double
  }
}

And then your object will get an initializer that allows it to be created from a Swifty JSON object:

let data : JSON = ["name": "Arthur Swiftington", "height": 182.8]

let model : Model? = Model(json: data)

If either one of name or height are not present, the initialization will fail.

You can specify optional properties by using the optional prefix:

import GuardedSwiftyJSON

struct Model : JsonInitializable {
  let name : String
  let height : Double?

  init(json: GuardedJSON) {
    name = json["name"].string
    height = json["height"].optionalDouble
  }
}

Then, if those optional properties do not exist, they will not cause initialization to abort.

GuardedSwiftyJSON provides the following protocol

protocol JsonInitializable {
  init?(json: JSON)
  init(json: GuardedJSON)
}

and a default implementation of init?(json: JSON) which automatically calls the proxying initializer and then fails the initialization if any of the required JSON properties are not present.

Nested objects

Often you will have nested JSON objects that you will want to represent as a separate model. The default behavior is for the outer initializer to fail if a nested object is not valid. For example:

struct Outer : JsonInitializable {
  let inner : Inner

  init(json: GuardedJSON) {
    // since the inner json is still a GuardedJSON object in the same context,
    // if any of the properties trying to be extracted are invalid, the outer
    // initialization process will fail.
    inner = Inner(json: json["inner"])
  }
}

If we want an inner object to be optional, we should use the failable initializer of the Inner object:

struct Outer : JsonInitializable {
  let inner : Inner?

  init(json: GuardedJSON) {
    // here we extract the raw json object and call the failable initializer
    inner = Inner(json: json["inner"].rawJson)
  }
}

The same approach can be used to flatten a nested array of objects, where we only want to drop the ones that cannot be deserialized:

struct Outer : JsonInitializable {
  let items: [Inner]

  init(json: GuardedJSON) {
    inner = json["inner"].array.flatMap {
      return Inner(json: $0.rawJson)
    }
  }
}

To be specific, the Outer initializer will fail if the inner key is not present or is not an array. Otherwise the Outer initializer will succeed, and the array will be filled with any valid elements from the JSON.

In this way you can control where you want initialization to fail.

Installation

Carthage

github "wiggzz/GuardedSwiftyJSON"

Cocoapods

pod 'GuardedSwiftyJSON'

Contributing

Pull requests and issues are welcomed.

To run the tests, you first need to install the dependencies using Carthage.

carthage update