Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Latest version: v0.2.1

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โš ๏ธ Swift UI is out so this is now deprecated in favor of the official alternative. This will no longer be maintained. This was a fun experiment ๐Ÿ˜Ž


Language: Swift 3 Platform: iOS 9+ Carthage compatible Cocoapods compatible Build Status codebeat badge License: MIT Release version

Komponents is a Swift framework for building component-oriented interfaces.
Because it's unfair to need javascript to enjoy Components ! ๐Ÿ˜Ž

๐Ÿ”ถ Pure Swift (no JS, no XML)
๐ŸŽจ Declarative Api
๐Ÿ’‰ Hot Reload with injectionForXcode
โš™๏ธ Diff algorithm running in background
๐Ÿ— Can be used Incrementally in your App
๐Ÿ•ธ No external Dependencies

[Demo](demo.gif) Building a Loading screen with Hot reload ๐ŸŽฉ

class LoadingVC: UIViewController, StatelessComponent {

    override func loadView() { loadComponent() }

    func render() -> Tree {
                HorizontalStack(layout: .center, [
                    Label("Loading..."), ActivityIndicatorView(.gray)

This is all we need to render a loading view !

Getting Started

New to components? Fear not! Facebook's React guide is a gold mine of information to get you started :)

The easiest way to get started and feel the power of Komponents is to take a look at the example project KomponentsExample.xcodeproj and play around !

For an even better experience, we strongly recommend enabling Hot reload

You can learn how, like React, Komponents tries to be smart about what it rerenders when the state changes in Patching section.

You can find more detailed information and guides in the Wiki


Komponents can be installed Manually, via Carthage, Cocoapods or Swift Package Manager.
Detailed installation steps in the wiki here


YannickDot, S4cha, YOU ?!
We'd love to hear what you think so don't hesitate to reach out through an issue or via twitter @sachadso


Komponents is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for details.


Facebook's React, ComponentKit, Preact, Vue.js AlexDrone's render, Angular...

Other great libraries

We're not the first to tackle the great endeavor of swift components and here are some other very cool projects :

โš ๏ธ v 0.2 ๐Ÿ—

Please be aware that this is still very experimental ๐Ÿ”ฌ.
The actual api can and will change.
This is not battle-tested and we advise you against using this in Appstore Apps (for now)

Declarative Styling via Props ๐ŸŽจ

Applying styles directly on the UIKit elements was super handy in v0.1 but came with major strings attached. Indeed, the styles blocks in the nodes could only be called on the main thread, because UIKit is meant to be accessed from the UI Thread (for the most part). Also, in order to compare styles, we needed to create a duplicate UIKit element (heavy) and look for differences on it.

That's where Props come in!

The idea is to have a Props layer, aka a structure that defines an element's style, that is Equatable. Being equatable, it becomes trivial to compare two buttons styles. For instance, you can just write :
let styleIsTheSame = (button.props == newButton.props)

Being Value-typed, it is also safe to process the diff in background !

Could we get all this goodness for free? Of course not, welcome to engineering. The major drawback is that we have to bridge every UIKit element property to its corresponding Props struct.

However the properties supported can only get better with time classic escape hatch through refs will always be accessible to access UIkit elements if a property is not yet supported.

This is worth it!

A dead-simple declarative layout ๐Ÿ“

The coming version is switching from Autolayout (and Stevia) to a declarative layout.
The new layout system is based on a super simple Layout struct, that, combined with classic StackViews enables 99.9% of layout cases. It is a value type, meaning it will be thread safe and thus enable comparison in a background thread :)

Diffing on the virtual DOM. ๐Ÿš€

With elements, styling, and layout purely declarative, Value-Type and Equatable, we can now safely put all the heavy duty stuff off to a background thread !!!

In v0.2, the diffing algorithm (also known as reconciliation) will run on the virtual DOM, on a background thread and only schedule UI changes on the UI thread. ๐ŸŽ‰


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*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Komponents ๐Ÿ“ฆ README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.