Code Quality Rank: L2
Programming language: Swift
License: MIT License
Tags: UI     Alerts    
Latest version: v9.0.6

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Twitter: @TimothyMoose Version License Platform Carthage compatible


SwiftMessages is a very flexible view and view controller presentation library for iOS.

Message views and view controllers can be displayed at the top, bottom, or center of the screen, or behind navigation bars and tab bars. There are interactive dismiss gestures including a fun, physics-based one. Multiple background dimming modes. And a lot more!

In addition to the numerous configuration options, SwiftMessages provides several good-looking layouts and themes. But SwiftMessages is also designer-friendly, which means you can fully and easily customize the view:

  • Copy one of the included nib files into your project and change it.
  • Subclass MessageView and add elements, etc.
  • Or just supply an arbitrary instance of UIView.

Try exploring the demo app via appetize.io to get a feel for the extensive configurability of SwiftMessages.

View Controllers

SwiftMessages can present view controllers using the SwiftMessagesSegue custom modal segue!

[SwiftMessagesSegue](./SwiftMessages/SwiftMessagesSegue.swift) is a subclass of UIStoryboardSegue that integrates directly into Interface Builder as a custom modal segue, enabling view controllers to take advantage of SwiftMessages layouts, animations and more. SwiftMessagesSegue works with any UIKIt project โ€” storyboards are not required. Refer to the View Controllers readme below for more information.

[View Controllers Readme](./ViewControllers.md)

And check out our blog post Elegant Custom UIViewController Transitioning to learn a great technique you can use to build your own custom segues that utilize UIViewControllerTransitioningDelegate and UIViewControllerAnimatedTransitioning.


Swift Package Manager

Go to File | Swift Packages | Add Package Dependency... in Xcode and search for "SwiftMessages". If multiple results are found, select the one owned by SwiftKick Mobile.


Add the following line to your Podfile:

pod 'SwiftMessages'


Add the following line to your Cartfile:

github "SwiftKickMobile/SwiftMessages"

If the Carthage build fails, try using the script.


  1. Put SwiftMessages repo somewhere in your project directory.
  2. In Xcode, add SwiftMessages.xcodeproj to your project.
  3. On your app's target, add the SwiftMessages framework:
    1. as an embedded binary on the General tab.
    2. as a target dependency on the Build Phases tab.



SwiftMessages.show(view: myView)

Although you can show any instance of UIView, SwiftMessages provides a MessageView class and assortment of nib-based layouts that should handle most cases:

// Instantiate a message view from the provided card view layout. SwiftMessages searches for nib
// files in the main bundle first, so you can easily copy them into your project and make changes.
let view = MessageView.viewFromNib(layout: .cardView)

// Theme message elements with the warning style.

// Add a drop shadow.

// Set message title, body, and icon. Here, we're overriding the default warning
// image with an emoji character.
let iconText = ["๐Ÿค”", "๐Ÿ˜ณ", "๐Ÿ™„", "๐Ÿ˜ถ"].randomElement()!
view.configureContent(title: "Warning", body: "Consider yourself warned.", iconText: iconText)

// Increase the external margin around the card. In general, the effect of this setting
// depends on how the given layout is constrained to the layout margins.
view.layoutMarginAdditions = UIEdgeInsets(top: 20, left: 20, bottom: 20, right: 20)

// Reduce the corner radius (applicable to layouts featuring rounded corners).
(view.backgroundView as? CornerRoundingView)?.cornerRadius = 10

// Show the message.
SwiftMessages.show(view: view)

You may wish to use the view provider variant show(viewProvider:) to ensure that your UIKit code is executed on the main queue:

SwiftMessages.show {
    let view = MessageView.viewFromNib(layout: .cardView)
    // ... configure the view
    return view

The SwiftMessages.Config struct provides numerous configuration options that can be passed to show():

var config = SwiftMessages.Config()

// Slide up from the bottom.
config.presentationStyle = .bottom

// Display in a window at the specified window level.
config.presentationContext = .window(windowLevel: .statusBar)

Note that, as of iOS 13, it is no longer possible to cover the status bar
regardless of the window level. A workaround is to hide the status bar instead.
config.prefersStatusBarHidden = true

// Disable the default auto-hiding behavior.
config.duration = .forever

// Dim the background like a popover view. Hide when the background is tapped.
config.dimMode = .gray(interactive: true)

// Disable the interactive pan-to-hide gesture.
config.interactiveHide = false

// Specify a status bar style to if the message is displayed directly under the status bar.
config.preferredStatusBarStyle = .lightContent

// Specify one or more event listeners to respond to show and hide events.
config.eventListeners.append() { event in
    if case .didHide = event {
        print("yep id=\(String(describing: event.id)")

SwiftMessages.show(config: config, view: view)

Specify default configuration options:

SwiftMessages.defaultConfig.presentationStyle = .bottom

// Show message with default config.
SwiftMessages.show(view: view)

// Customize config using the default as a base.
var config = SwiftMessages.defaultConfig
config.duration = .forever
SwiftMessages.show(config: config, view: view)


SwiftMessages provides excellent VoiceOver support out-of-the-box.

  • The title and body of the message are combined into a single announcement when the message is shown. The MessageView.accessibilityPrefix property can be set to prepend additional clarifying text to the announcement.

    Sometimes, a message may contain important visual cues that aren't captured in the title or body. For example, a message may rely on a yellow background to convey a warning rather than having the word "warning" in the title or body. In this case, it might be helpful to set MessageView.accessibilityPrefix = "warning".

  • If the message is shown with a dim view using config.dimMode, elements below the dim view are not focusable until the message is hidden. If config.dimMode.interactive == true, the dim view itself will be focusable and read out "dismiss" followed by "button". The former text can be customized by setting the config.dimModeAccessibilityLabel property.

See the AccessibleMessage protocol for implementing proper accessibility support in custom views.

Keyboard Avoidance

The KeyboardTrackingView class can be used to cause the message view to avoid the keyboard by sliding up when the keyboard gets too close.

var config = SwiftMessages.defaultConfig
config.keyboardTrackingView = KeyboardTrackingView()

You can incorporate KeyboardTrackingView into your app even when you're not using SwiftMessages. Install into your view hierarchy by pinning KeyboardTrackingView to the bottom, leading, and trailing edges of the screen. Then pin the bottom of your content that should avoid the keyboard to the top KeyboardTrackingView. Use an equality constraint to strictly track the keyboard or an inequality constraint to only move when the keyboard gets too close. KeyboardTrackingView works by observing keyboard notifications and adjusting its height to maintain its top edge above the keyboard, thereby pushing your content up. See the comments in KeyboardTrackingView for configuration options.

Message Queueing

You can call SwiftMessages.show() as many times as you like. SwiftMessages maintains a queue and shows messages one at a time. If your view implements the Identifiable protocol (like MessageView), duplicate messages will be removed automatically. The pause between messages can be adjusted:

SwiftMessages.pauseBetweenMessages = 1.0

There are a few ways to hide messages programatically:

// Hide the current message.

// Or hide the current message and clear the queue.

// Or for a view that implements `Identifiable`:
SwiftMessages.hide(id: someId)

// Or hide when the number of calls to show() and hideCounted(id:) for a 
// given message ID are equal. This can be useful for messages that may be
// shown from  multiple code paths to ensure that all paths are ready to hide.
SwiftMessages.hideCounted(id: someId)

Multiple instances of SwiftMessages can be used to show more than one message at a time. Note that the static SwiftMessages.show() and other static APIs on SwiftMessage are just convenience wrappers around the shared instance SwiftMessages.sharedInstance). Instances must be retained, thus it should be a property of something (e.g. your view controller):

class SomeViewController: UIViewController {
    let otherMessages = SwiftMessages() 

    func someMethod() {

Retrieving Messages

There are several APIs available for retrieving messages that are currently being shown, hidden, or queued to be shown. These APIs are useful for updating messages when some event happens without needing to keep temporary references around. See also eventListeners.

// Get a message view with the given ID if it is currently 
// being shown or hidden.
if let view = SwiftMessages.current(id: "some id") { ... }

// Get a message view with the given ID if is it currently 
// queued to be shown. 
if let view = SwiftMessages.queued(id: "some id") { ... }

// Get a message view with the given ID if it is currently being
// shown, hidden or in the queue to be shown.
if let view = SwiftMessages.currentOrQueued(id: "some id") { ... }


SwiftMessages can display any UIView. However, there are varying degrees of customization that can be done to the bundled views.

Nib Files

All of the message designs bundled with SwiftMessages have associated nib files. You are encouraged to copy any of these nib files into your project and modify them to suit your needs. SwiftMessages will load your copy of the file instead of the original. Nib files may be copied in Xcode using drag-and-drop.

To facilitate the use of nib-based layouts, MessageView provides some type-safe convenience methods for loading the bundled nibs:

let view = MessageView.viewFromNib(layout: .cardView)

In addition, the SwiftMessages class provides some generic loading methods:

// Instantiate MessageView from a named nib.
let view: MessageView = try! SwiftMessages.viewFromNib(named: "MyCustomNib")

// Instantiate MyCustomView from a nib named MyCustomView.nib.
let view: MyCustomView = try! SwiftMessages.viewFromNib()
MessageView Class

[MessageView](./SwiftMessages/MessageView.swift) is a light-weight view that all of the bundled designs use. It primarily consists of the following optional @IBOutlet properties:

Element Declaration Description
Title titleLabel: UILabel? The message title.
Message body bodyLabel: UILabel? The body of the message.
Image icon iconImageView: UIImageView? An image-based icon.
Text icon iconLabel: UILabel? A text-based (emoji) alternative to the image icon.
Button button: UIButton? An action button.

The SwiftMessages nib file use MessageView as the top-level view with content connected to these outlets. The layouts are done using stack views, which means that you can remove an element by simply hiding it:

view.titleLabel.isHidden = true

A common mistake is attempting to remove an element by setting the corresponding outlet to nil. This does not work because it does not remove the element from the view hierarchy.


MessageView provides numerous methods that follow the configure* naming convention:

view.configureContent(title: "Warning", body: "Consider yourself warned.", iconText: "๐Ÿค”")

All of these methods are shortcuts for quickly configuring the underlying view properties. SwiftMessages strives to avoid doing any internal magic in these methods, so you do not need to call them. You can configure the view properties directly or combine the two approaches.


MessageView provides an optional block-based tap handler for the button and another for the view itself:

// Hide when button tapped
messageView.buttonTapHandler = { _ in SwiftMessages.hide() }

// Hide when message view tapped
messageView.tapHandler = { _ in SwiftMessages.hide() }

The suggested method for starting with MessageView as a base and adding new elements, such as additional buttons, is as follows:

  1. Copy one of the bundled nib files into your project or create a new one from scratch.
  2. Add new elements to the nib file.
  3. Sublcass MessageView and create outlets for the new elements.
  4. Assign the top-level view in the nib file to the subclass.
  5. Connect outlets between the nib file and the subclass.
  6. (recommended) override the implementation of Identifiable as needed to incorporate new elements into the message's identity.
  7. (recommended) override the implementation of AccessibleMessage as needed to incorporate new elements into Voice Over.
  8. Use one of the nib-loading methods above to load the view.
BaseView Class

[BaseView](./SwiftMessages/BaseView.swift) is the superclass of MessageView and provides numerous options that aren't specific to the "title + body + icon + button" design of MessageView. Custom views that are significantly different from MessageView, such as a progress indicator, should subclass BaseView.

CornerRoundingView Class

[CornerRoundingView](./SwiftMessages/CornerRoundingView.swift) is a custom view that messages can use for rounding all or a subset of corners with squircles (the smoother method of rounding corners that you see on app icons). The nib files that feature rounded corners have backgroundView assigned to a CornerRoundingView. It provides a roundsLeadingCorners option to dynamically round only the leading corners of the view when presented from top or bottom (a feature used for the tab-style layouts).

Animator Protocol

[Animator](./SwiftMessages/Animator.swift) is the protocol that SwiftMessages uses for presentation and dismissal animations. Custom animations can be done through the SwiftMessages.PresentationStyle.custom(animator:). Some related components:

  • [TopBottomAnimation](./SwiftMessages/TopBottomAnimation.swift) is a sliding implementation of Animator used internally by .top and .bottom presentation styles. It provides some customization options.
  • [PhysicsAnimation](./SwiftMessages/PhysicsAnimation.swift) is a scaling + opacity implementation of Animator used internally by the .center presentation style. It provides a fun physics-based dismissal gesture and provides customization options including .top and .bottom placement.
  • [PhysicsPanHandler](./SwiftMessages/PhysicsPanHandler.swift) provides the physics-based dismissal gesture for PhysicsAnimation and can be incorporated into other Animator implementations.

High-quality PRs for cool Animator implementations are welcome!

MarginAdjustable Protocol

[MarginAdjustable](./SwiftMessages/MarginAdjustable.swift) is a protocol adopted by BaseView. If the view being presented adopts MarginAdjustable, SwiftMessages takes ownership of the view's layout margins to ensure ideal spacing across the full range of presentation contexts.

BackgroundViewable Protocol

[BackgroundViewable](./SwiftMessages/BackgroundViewable.swift) is a protocol adopted by BaseView and requires that a view provide a single backgroundView property. BaseView initializes backgroundView = self, which you can freely re-assign to any subview.

If the view being presented adopts BackgroundViewable, SwiftMessages will ignore touches outside of backgroundView. This is important because message views always span the full width of the device. Card and tab-style layouts appear inset from the edges of the device because the message view's background is transparent and backgroundView is assigned to a subview constrained to the layout margins. In these layouts, touches in the transparent margins should be ignored.

Identifiable Protocol

[Identifiable](./SwiftMessages/Identifiable.swift) is a protocol adopted by MessageView and requires that a view provide a single id property, which SwiftMessages uses for message deduplication.

MessageView computes the id based on the message content, but id can also be set explicitly as needed.

AccessibleMessage Protocol

[AccessibleMessage](./SwiftMessages/AccessibleMessage.swift) is a protocol adopted by MessageView. If the view being presented adopts AccessibleMessage, SwiftMessages provides improved Voice Over.

About SwiftKick Mobile

We build high quality apps! Get in touch if you need help with a project.


SwiftMessages is distributed under the MIT license. [See LICENSE](./LICENSE.md) for details.

*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the SwiftMessages README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.